This dating and marriage vocabulary guide provides common expressions used in English to speak about romance, going out and getting married including the verbs, nouns, and idioms used with these expressions. These are often similar to those used when ​​speaking about romantic relationships.
《约会和婚姻词汇指南》提供了英语中用来谈论浪漫、外出和结婚的常用表达,包括这些表达中使用的动词、名词和习语。这些通常与谈论浪漫关系时使用。

Before Marriage
结婚前

Verbs
动词

to ask someone out - to ask someone to go on a date
约某人出去-约某人去约会

Alan asked Susan out last week. She still hasn't given him an answer.
艾伦上周想约苏珊出去。她仍然没有给他答复。

to date - to see someone repeatedly in a romantic sense
约会-在浪漫的场景下上见到某人

They dated for two years before they decided to get married.
他们约会了两年才决定结婚。

to fall in love - to find someone that you love
坠入爱河-找到你爱的人

They fell in love while on a hike through Peru.
他们在秘鲁徒步旅行时坠入爱河。

to go out - to date once, to go out repeatedly (often used in the present perfect continuous form)
多次约会(常用于现在完成进行时)

We're going out next Friday. We've been going out for a few months now.
我们下星期五出去。我们已经出去几个月了。

to court - to try to date someone (older English, not often used in modern, everyday English)
试图与某人约会(早起的英语,不常用于现代的日常英语)

The young man courted his love by sending her flowers every day.
这个年轻人每天送花向她求爱。

to go steady - to date regularly over a long period of time
在很长一段时间内保持稳定的约会

Tim and I are going steady.
蒂姆和我感情状况良好。

to have a boyfriend/girlfriend - to have a continuing relationship with one person
有男朋友/女朋友-与一个人保持持续的关系

Do you have a boyfriend? - That's none of your business!
你有男朋友吗?-这不关你的事!

to arrange a marriage - to find marriage partners for other people
包办婚姻-为他人寻找婚姻伴侣

In the US most people find a partner by dating. However, it's common to arrange marriages in a number of cultures around the world.
在美国,大多数人通过约会找到伴侣。然而,在世界许多文化中包办婚姻是很常见的。

to woo someone - to try to go out or date someone
向某人求爱-尝试出去或约会某人

How long have you been wooing Anna? Have you asked her out yet?
你向安娜求爱多久了?你约她出去了吗?

Nouns
名词

speed dating - modern technique to find someone to date, people speak to each other quickly one after the other in order to find someone to date
快速约会-利用现代技术,寻找约会对象,人们一个接一个的快速交谈,以便找到约会对象

Speed dating might seem strange to some, but it certainly helps people find others quickly.
快速约会对某些人来说可能很奇怪,但它确实能帮助人们快速找到其他人。

online dating - sites that help arrange relationships by meeting possible romantic partners online
网恋-通过在网上结识可能的浪漫伴侣来帮助安排关系的网站

As many as one in three marriages start with online dating these days.
如今,三分之一的婚姻都是从网上约会开始的。

courtship - a period of time during which a man tries to convince a woman to marry him (not generally used in modern English, but common in English literate)
求爱-男人试图说服女人嫁给他的一段时间(现代英语中不常用,但在英语文学中很常见)

The courtship lasted for six months, after which the couple married.
求婚持续了六个月,之后这对夫妇结婚了。

relationship - when two people have a committed attachment to each other
关系-当两个人彼此有一种坚定的依恋时

I'm in a relationship at the moment.
我现在正在谈恋爱。

Idioms
习语

a match made in heaven - two people who are perfect for each other
天作之合-两个人相得益彰

Bob and Kim are a match made in heaven. I'm sure they'll have a happy and healthy marriage.
鲍勃和金是天作之合。我相信他们会有一段幸福健康的婚姻。

love at first sight - what happens when someone falls in love the first time they see someone
一见钟情-当某人第一次见到某人就坠入爱河时会发生什么?

I feel in love with my wife at first sight. I'm not sure it was the same for her.
我第一眼就爱上了我的妻子。我不确定对她来说是一样的。

love affair - a romantic relationship
婚外恋-浪漫的关系

Their love affair lasted for more than two years.
他们的恋情持续了两年多。

blind date - to go out with someone you have never seen before, blind dates are often arranged by friends
相亲——和你从未见过的人约会,相亲通常是由朋友安排的。

She was surprised at how much fun she had on her blind date last week.
她对上周相亲时的乐趣感到惊讶。

Becoming Engaged
订婚

Verbs
动词

to propose - to ask someone to marry you
向某人求婚

I'm going to propose to Alan next week.
我下周要向艾伦求婚。

to ask someone to marry you - to ask someone to be your spouse
向某人求婚-要求某人成为你的配偶

Have you asked her to marry you yet?
你让她嫁给你了吗?

to ask for someone's hand in marriage - to ask someone to marry you
向某人求婚

Peter arranged a romantic dinner and asked Susan's hand in marriage.
彼得安排了一顿浪漫的晚餐,向苏珊求婚。

Nouns
名词

proposal - the question made when asking someone to marry
求婚——求婚时提出的问题

He made his proposal when they brought out the champagne.
他们拿出香槟酒时,他向她求婚。

engagement - the state of being engaged, making the promise to marry each other
订婚-订婚的状态,承诺彼此结婚

They announced their engagement at the Christmas party last week.
他们上周在圣诞晚会上宣布订婚。

fiance - the person to whom you are engaged
未婚夫-与你订婚的人

My fiance works in education.
我未婚夫从事银河app官方下载工作。

betrothal - a literary term synonymous with engagement (not commonly used in modern English)
订婚-与订婚同义的文学术语(现代英语中不常用)

The couples' betrothal was approved by the king.
这对夫妇的订婚获得了国王的批准。

Idioms
习语

to pop the question - to ask someone to marry you
向某人求婚

When are you going to pop the question?
你打算什么时候求婚?

Marrying
结婚

Verbs
动词

to get married - the action of becoming husband and wife
结婚——成为夫妻的行为

They got married in a historic church in the countryside.
他们在乡下一个历史悠久的教堂结婚了。

to marry - to get married
结婚

They are going to wed next June.
他们打算明年六月结婚。

to wed - to get married
结婚

We wed twenty years ago on this day.
二十年前的今天我们结婚了。

to say "I do" - the agree to marry the other person at a wedding
说“我愿意”—同意在婚礼上嫁给另一个人

The bride and groom said "I do" after their vows.
新郎新娘在宣誓后说“我愿意”。

Nouns
名词

anniversary - the day of your wedding, celebrated by married couples
周年纪念日-婚礼当天,由已婚夫妇庆祝

Our anniversary is coming up next week. What should I get her?
我们的周年纪念日下周就要到了。我该给她什么?

marriage - the state of being married
婚姻-结婚的状态

Their marriage is very good. They've been married for twenty years.
他们的婚姻很好。他们结婚二十年了。

wedding - the ceremony during which people get married
婚礼-人们结婚的仪式

The wedding was lovely. I couldn't help crying a little.
婚礼很美好。我忍不住哭了一下。

matrimony - the state of being married (used less commonly than 'marriage')
婚姻-结婚的状态(比“marriage”更罕见)

The matrimony withheld the test of time.
婚姻妨碍了时间的考验。

wedlock - the state of being married (used less commonly than 'marriage')
婚姻-结婚的状态(比“marriage”更罕见)

We've been in wedlock since 1964.
我们在1964年就结婚了。

vow - the promise made between two people during a wedding
誓言-婚礼上两个人之间的承诺

We exchanged our vows in front of our family and friends.
我们在家人和朋友面前交换了誓言。

bride - the woman who marries
新娘-结婚的女人

The bride was so beautiful. They looked so happy together.
新娘真漂亮。他们在一起看起来很开心。

groom - the man who marries
新郎-结婚的男人

The groom looked arrived twenty minutes late for the wedding. Everyone was very nervous!
新郎看起来晚了二十分钟才来参加婚礼。大家都很紧张!